The differentiation between gender and sex did not arise until the late 1970s, when researchers began using gender and sex as two separate terms, with gender referring to ones self-identity and sex referring to ones chromosomal makeup and sex organs.
When was the social construct of gender created?
Gender Performativity – Gender Performativity is a term created by post-structuralist feminist philosopher Judith Butler in her 1990 book Gender Trouble, which has subsequently been used in a variety of academic fields that describes how individuals participate in social constructions of gender.
When did gender become a thing?
In the journals of the American Physiological Society, gender was first introduced into a title in 1982, whereas sex had been used since the early 1920s. It was not until the mid-1990s that use of the term gender began to exceed use of the term sex in APS titles, and today gender more the doubles that of sex (Table 1).
Is gender a societal construct?
As a social construct, gender varies from society to society and can change over time. Gender is hierarchical and produces inequalities that intersect with other social and economic inequalities.
How has gender been socially constructed?
Gender is thus “socially constructed” in the sense that, unlike biological sex, gender is a product of society. If society determines what is masculine or feminine, then society can change what is considered masculine, feminine, or anything in between. Any individual is free to identify their gender as they see fit.