The site of Cologne Cathedral has been occupied by Christian churches since about the 4th century. An older cathedral was destroyed by fire in 1248, and immediately thereafter work began on the present cathedral, which was designed in the Gothic style in emulation of French church architecture.
What is the style of the Cologne Cathedral?
Gothic architecture Cologne Cathedral/Architectural styles Architecturally, the cathedral exemplifies the Rayonnant Gothic style although its design also includes some elements of extra-decorative Flamboyant Gothic architecture. In 1996, Cologne Cathedral was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List of protected sites. See also: German Gothic Art (1200-1450).
Why is Cologne Cathedral so dark?
The outside of the Cathedral is not made of black material, nor is it just dirty, instead, the sandstone which most of the building is made from reacts with the sulphuric acid in rain and turns dark grey, giving the Cathedral its distinctive dark colour over time.
What is Gothic Germany?
The term Gothic is often used to refer to a turning point and new era of European architecture that is generally seen as starting in the mid 12th century. Gothic architecture soon found its way to Germany, particularly to cities near the French-German border such as Trier and Heidelburg.
What characterizes German Gothic churches?
Gothic structures had a vertical emphasis, with pointed arches and large stained glass windows. Walls were supported by external arched flying buttresses that allowed for greater height. Gothic churches sometimes included spires, tall tapered structures on top of roofs or towers.
Which church has the highest capacity in the world?
ListAuditorium nameChurchCapacityChampions Royal Assembly AbujaChampions Royal Assembly80,000Temple of the Glory of GodGod is Love Pentecostal Church60,000Faith TabernacleLiving Faith Church Worldwide50,000International Gospel CentreWord of Life Bible Church35,00026 more rows